Glossary B

- Base rate information : Base rate information refers to information about the frequency of members of different categories in the population

Base-rate fallacy refers to the failure to consider the likelihood that a person, place or thing is a member of a particular category - some categories are simply larger than others.

Baseline refers to a measured rate of a Behavior before introduction of an Intervention that allows comparison and Assessment of the effects of the intervention.

Baseline observations is a term used in a single-subject research study that refer to series of observations or measurements made while no treatment is being administered.

Baseline phase is a term used in a single-subject research study that refers to a series of baseline observations identified by the letter A.

Basic anxiety refers to a primary form of anxiety that arises from living in a hostile world.; a pervasive feeling of loneliness and helplessness said to be the foundation of neurosis . According to Horney, it is the feeling of being alone and helpless in a hostile world that a child experiences when he or she represses basic hostility . (See also Basic hostility.)

Basic biological needs refers to the first step in Maslow’s needs hierarchy , concerning survival needs for food, air, water, and the like.