Beck Depression Inventory refers to a pencil and paper test used in conjunction with professional where subjects rate themselves on a variety of symptoms/experiences and is used to as sess depression or level of depression.

Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) is a list of 21 symptoms and attitudes that are each rated in intensity. Examples include: mood, pessimism, sense of failure, lack of satisfaction, guilt feelings, self-dislike, etc. It is scored by summing the ratings given to the 21 items. Although originally designed to be administered by trained interviewers, it is most often self-administered and takes 5-10 minutes. This instrument has been used to measure severity of depression in depressed samples but has also been used to assess depression in general population samples. It is also associated with other self-report measures of depression. The reader is referred to Beck, Steer & Garbin (1988) for an overview of the measure and its applications.

The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI; Beck, 1978) assesses depressive symptomatology with items focusing on particular emotional (e.g, "sadness", "crying") or cognitive (e.g., "pessimism", "indecisiveness") themes associated with depression. Each item is accompanied by 4 or 5 descriptive statements with varying intensity of depressive content. Respondents select the statement that is most closely aligned with their own experience. Scores on each item rang from zero to three, with higher values being associated with greater depressive content.

Related Articles

Score at■■■■■■
Score: In psychology, a score is a numerical value that is assigned to a person based on their performance . . . Read More
Structural Clinical Interview at■■■■■■
The priority for a research diagnosis of depression is the Structural Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders . . . Read More
Pleasure at■■■■■■
Pleasure refers to a positive emotional experience or feeling of enjoyment or satisfaction. Pleasure . . . Read More
Center for Epidemiologic Studies of Depression Scale at■■■■■
The Center for Epidemiologic Studies of Depression Scale (CES-D) was designed to measure current level . . . Read More
Hypothyroidism at■■■■■
Hypothyroidism is a medical condition in which the thyroid gland is not able to produce enough thyroid . . . Read More
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders at■■■■■
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is the bible of abnormal psychology. It lists . . . Read More
Nutrition at■■■■■
Nutrition is defined as a collection of processes (mainly food consumption) through which an organism . . . Read More
Yes/no questions at■■■■■
Yes/no questions refer to questions that can be answered with yes or no In psychology, they are often . . . Read More
Severity at■■■■■
Severity in the Psychology Context: Assessing the Intensity of Psychological ConditionsIn the field of . . . Read More
Music therapy at■■■■■
Music therapy is a kind of therapy where patients may listen or participate in musical experiences through . . . Read More