Glossary G

Gall bladder is defined as a sac on the liver in which bile is stored.

Gallup poll refers to a survey of public opinion. Gallup poll is derived from the US Statistician named George Horace Gallup (1901-1984), who popularized the use of such surveys.

Galvanic Skin Response (GSR) refers to minor electrical changes in the skin that result from sweating.

Gambler’s fallacy is defined as an erroneous belief that a random process, for example, a coin flip or a spin of a roulette wheel, will automatically keep track of the outcomes in order to make the overall rate of an outcome in the short run equal to the overall rate of that outcome in the long run. Gambler’s fallacy is the tendency to believe that a particular chance event is affected by previous events and that chance events will "even out" in the short run; the tendency to believe that random events are self -correcting.

Games is a term used in industrial and organizational psychology that refers to an absenteeism control method in which games such as poker and bingo are used to reward employee attendance.

Gamete refers to a male or female reproductive cell - the spermatozoon or ovum; a mature germ cell involved in reproduction; a sperm or an ovum. Gamete is also referred to as a Germ cell.

- Gamete Intra-Fallopian tube transfer (GIFT) : Gamete Intra-Fallopian tube transfer (GIFT ) refers to a reproductive technique in which the sperm and ova are collected and injected into the Fallopian tube before fertilization.

Gamma alcoholism refers to a drinking pattern characterized by loss of control.