Glossary N

Natural partitions hypothesis refers tothe notion that the world makes obvious the things that take nouns as labels, that is, that the meanings that nouns encode are natural chunks of meaning. That makes the task of learning nouns one in which the child must simply find the label - the meaning is provided outside of language . Compare Relational relativity hypothesis.

Natural reinforcers are reinforcers that are naturally provided for a certain behavior; that is, they are a typical consequence of the behavior within that setting.

Natural rights refer to the rights which, according to natural law theorists, individuals retain in the face of government action and interests.

Natural selection refers to the evolutionary process by which nature selects traits that best enable organisms to survive and reproduce in particular environmental niches. Alos, refers to differential survival and reproduction of classes of organisms that differ from one another in on or more usually heritable characteristics. Through this process, the forms of organisms in a population that are best adapted to their local environment increase in frequency relative to less well-adapted forms over a number of generations. This difference in survival and reproduction is not due to chance. Natural selection is Darwin's theory that evolution favors those plants and animals best suited to their living conditions . It is a key concept in Darwin's theory of evolution. Because more members of a species are born than environmental resources can support, nature selects those with characteristics most conducive to survival under the circumstances, which allows them to reproduce. Moreover, Natural selection refers to the evolutionary process by which nature selects traits that best enable organisms to survive and reproduce in particular environmental niches.

Natural therapy is the treatment method used by advocates of natural health , which is a form of alternative medicine.

Natural-kind concepts refer to concepts pertaining to naturally occurring substances.

Naturalism refers to an approach to field research based on the assumption that an objective social reality exists and can be observed and reported accurately.

Naturalist fallacy tis defined as the error of defining what is good in terms of what is observable. For example: What's typical is normal; what's normal is good. According to G. E. Moore, Naturalistic Fallacy, is any argument which attempts to define the good in any terms whatsoever, including naturalistic terms; for Moore, Good is simple and indefinable. Some philosophers, most notably defenders of naturalism, have argued that Moore and others are wrong and that such arguments are not necessarily fallacious.

Related Articles