Glossary P

Pain management programs refer to coordinated, interdisciplinary efforts to modify chronic pain by bringing together neurological, cognitive, behavioral, and psychodynamic expertise concerning pain. These programs aim not only to make pain more manageable but also to modify the lifestyle that has evolved because of the pain.

Pain matrix refers to the network of structures in the brain that are responsible for pain perception.

Pain-prone personality is defined as a personality type that predisposes a person to experience persistent pain. It is a constellation of personality traits that predisposes a person to experience chronic pain.

Paired comparison refers to a form of ranking in which a group of employees to be ranked are compared one pair at a time. Likewise, Paired comparison is a procedure in which a participant is first familiarized with one (1) stimulus, and then is given a choice between that stimulus and a new stimulus. Measurement of looking time indicates whether participants can tell the difference between the two (2) stimuli.

Paired-associate learning is when the subject must learn a list of paired items. The left hand item of the pair is the stimulus item and the right-hand item is the response item. The subject must learn the pairs so that when given the stimulus item, he/she can produce the response item.

Paired-associate recall refers to a memory task in which a pair of words is given, for example, mongoose- elephant, then later the first word (mangoose) is provided and the task is to recall the second word (the elephant)

Paired-associate technique is the widely used method of investigating verbal learning invented by Calkins. Pairs of stimulus material are first presented to subjects and then, after several exposures, only one member of the pair is presented and the subject is asked to recall the second.

Palialia is defined as the continuous repetition of sounds and words; compulsive word or phrase repetition.

Related Articles

Claustrophobia at■■■■■■■■
Claustrophobia refers to the fear of closed spaces. A person who has claustrophobia may panic when inside . . . Read More
Saliromania at■■■■■■■
Saliromania refers to a desire to damage or soil a woman or her clothes Saliromania, also known as agoraphobia . . . Read More
Mood Disorders at■■■■■■
A set of Mood Disorders is a class of disorders marked by emotional disturbances that may spill over . . . Read More
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder at■■■■■■
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is defined as Anxiety disorder which is characterized by the following:(1) . . . Read More
DSM-IV at■■■■■■
DSM-IV refers to the 4th edition of "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders " (DSM) , . . . Read More
Neurotic anxiety at■■■■■■
Neurotic anxiety refers to anxiety that occurs when one is repeatedly prevented from expressing one's . . . Read More
Psychiatry at■■■■■■
Psychiatry refers to the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of . . . Read More
Night terror at■■■■■■
Night terror is defined as a state of panic during NREM sleep. An experience of intense anxiety during . . . Read More
Panic disorder at■■■■■■
Panic disorder is defined as a disorder characterized by recurrent, unexpected Panic attacks. Panic attacks . . . Read More
Simple Phobias at■■■■■■
Simple Phobias (including Social Phobia) Category Anxiety Disorders Etiology Often a traumatic event . . . Read More