Glossary R

Reactivity is the predisposition to react physiologically to stress; believed to be genetically based in part; high reactivity is believed to be a risk factor for a range of stress-related diseases. The problem that the subjects of social research may react to the fact of being studied, thus altering their behavior from what it would have been normally. 

reading disorder refers to reading performance significantly below the standard for that age level.

Reading span refers to the largest number of sentences read for Comprehension from which a person can recall all the final words. Reading span is a measure of Working memory capacity

Real-motion neuron refers to the neuron in the monkey’s cortex that responds when movement of an image across the retina is caused by movement of a stimulus, but does not respond when movement across the retina is caused by movement of the eyes.

Real-Time Prospective Designs refers to Research design in which the Research sample is identified and then followed longitudinally over time, with data collected at specified time intervals.

Reality principle is a term in psychoanalyic theory which refers to motivational force that leads the individual to confront the constraints of the external world.

Realization is a term used by Parkes to describe what is involved in “making real” all of the implications of loss ; “making real” in one's inner, subjective world that which is already real in the outer, objective world.

Reappraisal refers to a person's nearly constant re-evaluation of stressful events. (Lazarus and Folkman) Reappraisal refers to a step in stress and coping which involves making a new primary or secondary appraisal or evaluation resulting from changes in the situation.

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