Glossary R

rebound insomnia refers to the worsened sleep problems that can occur when medications are used to treat insomnia and then withdrawn in a person with insomnia,

Recapitulation in the psychology context refers to a theory proposed by Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget. This theory suggests that during the cognitive development of a child, they go through stages that mirror the evolutionary development of the human species. In other words, a child's intellectual growth retraces the historical development of human intelligence and understanding.

Receptive Language refers to the processing of language via auditory and Reading comprehension.

Receptor are molecules on the membranes of neurons to which neurotransmitters bind In the nervous system, a receptor is a specialized portion of an afferent neuron (or a special cell attached to an afferent neuron) that is sensitive to a form of energy in the environment.

Receptors refer to the binding site of neurotransmitter molecules; much like a key fits a lock, neurotransmitter molecules are released into the synaptic cleft between two (2) neurons and then bind to these sites or receptors. A sensory receptor is a neuron sensitive to environmental energy that changes this energy into electrical signals in the nervous system.

Recessive trait refers to the characteristic associated with genes that are reflected in the phenotype only in the homozygous state (e.g., both copies of the recessive allele are necessary to produce the characteristic).

Reciprocal Altruism refers to the notion that individuals will behave altruistically towards another person if they anticipate that he/she will respond altruistically

Deutsch: Reziprokes Gen-Umwelt-Modell / Español: Modelo genético-ambiental recíproco / Português: Modelo de gene-ambiente recíproco / Français: Modèle génétique-environnement réciproque / Italiano: Modello genetico-ambientale reciproco /

Reciprocal geneenvironment model refers to the Hypothesis that people with a genetic predisposition for a disorder may also have a genetic tendency to create environmental risk factors that promote the disorder.

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