Glossary R

reciprocal influence means that the child’s behavior is both influenced by and influences the behavior of others.

Reciprocal Punishment refers to the view that the form of Punishment should fit the crime.

Recur means "to occur again". To return. Any symptom (such as fatigue, fever. etc), any sign (such as a heart murmur, fast heartbeat), or any disease can recur.

Recusant means refusing to submit to authority; dissenting. It also refers to a person who refuses to obey authority. Recusant refers one of the Roman Catholics during 16th and 18th century who refused to attend services of the Church of England and were punished for it.

Reflex refers to an innate, unlearned, consistent, automatic response to a stimulus; a mechanism that enables a specific environmental event to elicit a specific response. Example of a reflex is an eyeblink. Moreover, Reflex is a natural, simple, involuntary motor reaction or response to an external stimulus that causes a physical response. Also an unlearned response induced by specific stimuli that have biological relevance to the organism.

Reflex activity refers to the first substage of Piaget’s sensorimotor stage; infants’ actions are confined to exercising innate reflexes, assimilating new objects into these reflexive schemes, and accommodating their reflexes to these novel objects.

Refractory period refers to the time from last orgasm to the next beginning of excitement

Rehabilitation refers to a strategy of punishment associated with positivist approaches to criminology.

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