Glossary R

Randomized Controlled Trials refer to a design that used to evaluate treatment outcomes in which children with a particular problem are randomly assigned to various treatment and control conditions.

Rape trauma syndrome or RTS refers to a two-stage stress response pattern that occurs after a rape; the emotional and physical effects a woman undergoes following a rape or attempted rape.

Raphe system refers to a group of neurons in the pons and medulla whose axons extend throughout much of the forebrain .
Rapid cyclers refer to persons with Bipolar Disorder who have four(4) to eight (8) mood episodes within the course of a year.

Rapid cycling is a a term which is used to describe the occurrence of four (4) or more separate Bipolar episodes in any combination within a one-year period.

- Rapid cycling bipolar disorder : Rapid cycling bipolar disorder refers to the diagnosis given when a person has four (4) or more cycles of mania and depression within a single year.

- Rapid eye movement: rapid eye movement (REM) sleep refers to the periodic intervals of sleep during which the eyes move rapidly from side to side, and dreams occur, but the body is inactive.

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