Glossary R

Real-motion neuron refers to the neuron in the monkey’s cortex that responds when movement of an image across the retina is caused by movement of a stimulus, but does not respond when movement across the retina is caused by movement of the eyes.

Real-Time Prospective Designs refers to Research design in which the Research sample is identified and then followed longitudinally over time, with data collected at specified time intervals.

Deutsch: Realität / Español: Realidad / Português: Realidade / Français: Réalité / Italiano: Realta /

The reality is multifaceted and can be understood from various perspectives. It encompasses an individual's perception, cognition, and interpretation of the external world, as well as their subjective experiences and beliefs. Understanding what is considered real or objective can significantly impact an individual's mental health and well-being.

Reality principle is a term in psychoanalyic theory which refers to motivational force that leads the individual to confront the constraints of the external world.

English: Reality Testing / Deutsch: Realitätsprüfung / Español: Prueba de realidad / Português: Teste de realidade / Français: Test de réalité / Italiano: Verifica della realtà

In the psychology context, Reality Testing is a cognitive process that allows individuals to distinguish between what is internally perceived and what exists externally and objectively in the real world. It is a fundamental mechanism in maintaining a healthy sense of reality and is crucial for effective functioning in daily life. Reality testing involves checking one's thoughts, perceptions, and experiences against external evidence and adjusting beliefs and understandings accordingly.

Realization is a term used by Parkes to describe what is involved in "making real” all of the implications of loss ; "making real” in one's inner, subjective world that which is already real in the outer, objective world.

Reappraisal refers to a person's nearly constant re-evaluation of stressful events. (Lazarus and Folkman) Reappraisal refers to a step in stress and coping which involves making a new primary or secondary appraisal or evaluation resulting from changes in the situation.

Reasonable suspicion refers to warranted suspicion (short of probable cause) that a person may be engaged in the commission of a crime.

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