Basic strengths is a term which according to Erikson is the motivating characteristics and beliefs that derive from the satisfactory resolution of the crisis at each developmental stage.

In the psychology context, basic strengths refer to positive traits or characteristics that are fundamental to an individual's personality and can be observed across different situations and contexts. These strengths are believed to be innate or developed early in life and are important for the individual's well-being and success.

The concept of basic strengths was developed by psychologists Martin Seligman and Christopher Peterson as part of their work on positive psychology. They identified 24 basic strengths organized into six broad categories:

  1. Wisdom and knowledge: Cognitive strengths that involve the acquisition and use of knowledge and information. Examples include curiosity, creativity, and open-mindedness.

  2. Courage: Emotional strengths that involve facing challenges and adversity. Examples include bravery, perseverance, and honesty.

  3. Humanity: Interpersonal strengths that involve the capacity for empathy and compassion. Examples include kindness, love, and social intelligence.

  4. Justice: Civic strengths that involve working for the common good and promoting fairness and equity. Examples include leadership, teamwork, and citizenship.

  5. Temperance: Strengths that involve self-regulation and moderation. Examples include self-control, humility, and forgiveness.

  6. Transcendence: Strengths that involve connecting with something greater than oneself. Examples include gratitude, spirituality, and appreciation of beauty.

Here are a few examples of basic strengths:

  1. Curiosity: A desire to explore and learn new things.

  2. Bravery: The ability to face difficult situations with courage and resilience.

  3. Kindness: A willingness to help others and show empathy and compassion.

  4. Leadership: The ability to inspire and guide others toward a common goal.

  5. Self-control: The ability to regulate one's emotions and impulses.

  6. Gratitude: A sense of appreciation and thankfulness for the good things in life.

By identifying and cultivating their basic strengths, individuals can increase their overall well-being and resilience, and work towards achieving their goals and aspirations.


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