Glossary E

Eclectic approach means taking the best from a variety of viewpoints. The approach to the history of Psychology taken in this text is Eclectic because it combines coverage of great individuals, the development of ideas and concepts, the spirit of the times, and contributions from other disciplines .

Eclecticism is defined as the use of a range of different forms of treatment by therapists. It is also defined as the willingness to employ the most effective methods available in solving a problem.

Eclectics refer to clinicians/therapists that employ the techniques of more than one (1) theoretical orientation. The nature of the presenting problem determines which orientation to use in a given case. Eclectics are those who borrow from many theories in their attempts to predict and explain human development

Ecological analysis refers to the examination of issues and problems at different levels of the human ecosystem ranging from the individual to macrosystems , examples, cultures or societies

Ecological approach is defined as an approach to the study of cognition emphasizing the natural contexts or settings in which cognitive activities occur, and the influences such settings have in the ways in which cognitive activities are acquired, practiced, and executed.

Ecological approach to perception refers to the approach which focuses on studying perception as it occurs in natural settings, particularly emphasizing the role of observer movement.

Ecological fallacy means erroneously drawing conclusions about individuals based solely on the observation of groups .

Ecological footprint refers to the amount of land and water area required to replenish the resources that a human population consumes.

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