Glossary N

Negative Explanatory Style refers to negative way to explain the events in their lives. Pessimists have a negative explanatory style.

Negative feedback is telling employees what they are doing incorrectly in order to improve their performance of a task.

Negative function is a relationship in which increasing values of one variable are associated with decreasing values of a second variable.

Negative identity refers to a clearly defined self -image that is completely contrary to the cultural values of the community. Negative identity is Erikson’s term for an identity that is in direct opposition to that which parents and most adults would advocate

Negative Oedipus complex is the opposite of the Freud's Oedipus complex - wherein the child loves and sexually desires the parent of the same gender and identifies with the parent of the other gender.

Negative prediction means believing that something bad is going to happen even though there is no evidence to support this prediction.
Negative punishment refers to the removal of a stimulus - the one that is often considered pleasant or rewarding following a response, which then leads to a decrease in the future strength of that response.

Negative reinforcement refers to the removal of aversive conditions when certain behaviors are performed.

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