Glossary E

Extrinsic orientation is defined as a desire to achieve in order to earn external incentives such as grades, prizes, or the approval of others

Extrinsic punishment is defined as punishment that is not an inherent aspect of the behavior being punished but that simply follows the behavior.

Extrinsic reinforcement is defined as the reinforcement provided by a consequence that is external to the behavior , that is, an extrinsic reinforcer . It is reinforcement that comes from a source other than one's self .

Extroversion refers to ego attitude in which in which energy is mainly directed outward. It refers to personality dimension that includes such qualities as sociability, vigor, sensation seeking, and positive emotions . According to Hans Eysenck, Extroversionis a dimension of the human personality and describes individuals who are sensation-seeking, dominant, and assertive. Extroversion according to Jung, refers to the attitude toward life that is characterized by gregariousness and a willingness to take risks.
Extroversion-Introversion refers to a trait dimension that plays an important role in Eysenck's two-factor theory and in the Big Five.

Exurb is defined as a residential area outside a city and beyond its suburbs that is typically inhabited by well-to-do families.

Eye is defined as the eyeball and its contents, which include focusing elements , the retina, and supporting structures.

- Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) : Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) refers to highly Controversial therapy for trauma survivors in which a client attends to the image of the trauma, thoughts about the trauma, and the physical sensations of anxiety aroused by the trauma while the therapist quickly moves a finger back and forth in front of the client's eyes to elicit a series of repeated, rapid, jerky, side-to-side eye movements ("saccades")

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