Glossary F

Fact retrieval is a term used in information-processing approaches to cognition that refers to the retrieval of a fact directly from long-term memory without using effortful procedures.

Facticity is a concept in psychology that refers to the inherent characteristics or conditions of an individual's life that are beyond their control. It encompasses the objective aspects of a person's existence, including their biological, social, and historical circumstances. Facticity plays a significant role in shaping an individual's experiences, perceptions, and opportunities, and it is often explored in existential psychology and philosophy to better understand how individuals relate to their own existence and make meaning of their lives.

In the psychology context, the term 'faction' refers to a group of people who share a common interest, opinion, or ideology and work together towards achieving their shared goals. Factionalism often arises in situations where there are conflicting interests or differences in values or beliefs, and individuals or groups form factions to gain power, influence, or control over the situation. Factionalism can occur in various settings, including politics, organizations, communities, and even families.

Factitious disorder refers to non-existent physical or psychological disorder deliberately faked for no apparent gain except, possibly, sympathy and attention.

Factitious Disorder by proxy (or Munchausen's syndrome by proxy) is a condition in which a person induces physical symptoms in another person who is under that person's care.

Factitious disorder not otherwise specified refers to a type of Factitious Disorders which includes a disorder called factitious disorder by proxy (also called Munchausen syndrome by proxy). People with this disorder produce or fabricate symptoms of illness in another person under their care. It most usually occurs in mothers, although it can also occur in fathers who intentionally harm their children in order to receive attention.

Factitious disorder with both psychological and physical symptoms refers to a type of Factitious Disorders. People with this disorder produce symptoms of both physical and mental illness.

Factitious disorder with mostly physical symptoms refers to a type of Factitious Disorders. People with this disorder claim to have symptoms related to a physical illness, such as symptoms of chest pain, stomach problems or fever. This disorder is sometimes referred to as Munchausen syndrome, named for Baron von Munchausen, an 18th century German officer who was known for embellishing the stories of his life and experiences. *