Glossary F

- Failure to thrive: failure to thrive (FTT) is characterized by weight below the fifth percentile for age, and/ or deceleration in the rate of weight gain from birth to the present of at least 2 standard deviations, using standard growth charts for comparison.

Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) is defined as an act which regulates the use of credit reports used in hiring decisions
Faithful subject role is a term used in a study that refers to a participant''s attempt to follow experimental instructions to the letter and to avoid acting on the basis of any suspicions about the purpose of the experiment .

A fallacy refers to an error in reasoning that can lead to false beliefs or conclusions. There are several types of fallacies that psychologists and researchers should be aware of, including:

Fallacy of affirming the consequent refers to a mistake in logic in which a person observes an effect, and ascribes to it a cause.
Fallacy of positive instances is defined as the tendency to remember or notice information that fits one's expectations while forgetting discrepancies.
Fallopian tube is defined as a tube through which ova travel from an ovary to the uterus. It is the tube, extending from the uterus to the ovary, in which fertilization takes place.

False alarm is defined as the incorrect reporting of the presence of a signal on a trial in which only noise occurs