inferences refers to step 3 of the inverted pyramid method of case conceptualization . Requires attempting to tentatively match client themes developed in previous steps of the process to areas of difficulty according to the counselor ’s theoretical orientation. At this step, previously identified symptom constellations are refined to reflect inferences about deeper aspects or causal roots of the client’s difficulties.
system of understanding human functioning and dysfunction applied by the clinician to his or her understanding of client/patient needs. The commonly used traditional theoretical orientations include: behavioral, brief solution-focused, cognitive , cognitive-behavioral, humanistic , and psychodynamic. Others include existential, feminist psychology of women, reality, and gestalt. Theories are often combined to form eclectic or integrative orientations. Moreover, it refers to theoretical framework that a psychologist relies on to conceptualize and treat clients' problems. Examples of such orientations include psychodynamic, cognitive, behavioral, interpersonal, systems, and eclectic/integrative.