Glossary W

Wechsler adult intelligence scale (WAIS) refers to an individually administered measure of intelligence, intended for adults aged 16-89. The WAIS is intended to measure human intelligence reflected in both verbal and performance abilities. Dr. David Wechsler, a clinical psychologist, who authored the test believed that intelligence is a global construct, reflecting a variety of measurable skills and should be considered in the context of the overall personality. The WAIS is also administered as part of a test battery to make inferences about personality and pathology.

Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) refers to an individually administered measure of intelligence intended for children aged six (6) years to 16 years and 11 months. The WISC is designed to measure human intelligence as reflected in both verbal and non-verbal (performance) abilities. David Wechsler, the author of the test, believed that intelligence has a global quality that reflects a variety of measurable skills. He also thought that it should be considered in the context of the person's overall personality. The WISC is used in schools as part of placement evaluations for programs for gifted children and for children who are developmentally disabled.

Wellness refers to a dynamic state of physical, mental, and social well-being; a way of life that equips the individual to realise the full potential of their capabilities and to compensate for and overcome weaknesses. Wellness is a lifestyle that recognises the importance of self -responsibility, physical fitness, nutrition and stress reduction.
Weltschmerz is defined as world weariness; pessimism, apathy, or sadness felt at the difference between physical reality and the ideal state. Weltschmerz is from the German word Weltschmerz - Welt is world and Schmerz means pain.

Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome refers to a severe memory disorder that is usually associated with chronic excessive alcohol consumption. It is referred to by The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) as alcohol-induced persisting amnestic disorder and includes it under the category of substance-induced persisting amnestic disorders, although the direct cause is a deficiency in the B vitamin thiamin.

Wernicke's Aphasia refers to a form of Aphasia in which the person is able to produce Language but has lost the ability to comprehend, so that these verbal productions have no meaning.

Wernicke's Encephalopathy refers to an acute Condition that is associated with long-term, heavy Alcohol use. It involves delirium, eye movement disturbances, difficulties in movement

What-is-scarce-is-valuable Technique refers to a a strategy to increase the attractiveness of a product by making it appear rare or temporary

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