Glossary P

Psychological reactance is defined as an aversive psychological state that arises when people perceive that their freedom of choice is restricted. People respond to this state by reasserting their freedom, leading to an increased desire for the forbidden object.

Psychological set is an individual’s knowledge, attitudes, expectations, and other thoughts about an object or event, such as a drug

Psychological situation refers to a situation as it is perceived and interpreted by an individual, not as it exists objectively.

Psychological system refers to a system which includes those mental processes central to the person's ability to make meaning of experiences and take action. Emotion, memory and perception, problem solving, language, symbolic abilities, and orientation to the future all require the use of psychological processes. The psychological system provides the resources for processing information and navigating reality.

Psychological test is defined as a standardized measure of a sample of a person's behavior. Psychological test refers to a device for measuring characteristics of human beings that pertain to overt (observable) and covert (intra-individual) behavior. A Psychological test measures past, present, or future human behavior.

Psychological testing refers to a broad range of measurement techniques, all of which involve having people provide scorable information about their psychological functioning.

Psychological theories are theories which are derived from the Behavioral sciences and which focus on the individual as the unit of analysis. Psychological theories place the locus of crime causation within the personality of the individual offender. Likewise, Psychological theories are theories that view mental disorders as caused by psychological processes, such as beliefs, thinking styles, and coping styles

Psychological therapy, also known as psychotherapy or counseling, is a structured and collaborative process in which a trained mental health professional helps individuals or groups address emotional, behavioral, or psychological issues. It involves a range of evidence-based techniques and approaches to help people better understand their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, as well as develop coping strategies and make positive changes in their lives. Therapy can be used to address a wide range of concerns, including depression, anxiety, trauma, relationship issues, and more. The ultimate goal of therapy is to improve mental well-being and promote personal growth and resilience.

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